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2017中考英语知识点总结:定语从句

发布时间:2022-06-17 09:59:56 阅读: 来源:风叶厂家
2017中考英语知识点总结:定语从句 2017中考英语知识点总结:定语从句

2017中考一轮复习已经展开,为了帮助同学们更好的进行复习,下面是21世纪教育网为大家整理提供的2017中考英语知识点总结:定语从句,非常适合一轮基础复习使用,欢迎进入查看!为了方便大家的学习与理解,21世纪教育网推出了2017中考必考知识点讲解微视频,30分钟,轻松掌握最新2017中考热门考点,点击以下图片或链接进入观看!

《《《2017中考英语知识点分类复习》》》

一、定语从句:1.定语从句的概念:在复合句中,修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。2.先行词:被定语从句修饰的名词或代词叫先行词。3.关系词:引导定语从句的连词叫关系词。如that、which、who、whom、whose、where、when等。4.由that、which、who、whom、whose引导的定语从句。关系词指代在定语从句中的作用that既指人也指物作主语、宾语which指物作主语、宾语who指人作主语whom指人作宾语whose既指人也指物作定语二、定语从句:1.先行词是物时,一般情况既可用that,which均可.但下列情况,只用that不用which。1).当先行词为指物的不定代词,如all、everything、something、anything、nothing、none、theone等时,只能用that。Thereisnothing______Icandoforyou.2).先行词被theonly,thevery,thelast,all,no,little等词修饰,只用that。Thisistheverybook___I’mlookingfor.3).先行词被序数词修饰时,只用that.Thisisthefirstnextbook______Istudiedinthemiddleschool.4).先行词为最高级或被最高级修饰时,只能用that。Thisisthemostbeautifulmountain______Ihaveeverseen.=Ihave_____seen_____abeautifulmountian.5).先行词既有人也有物时,只能that。Hetoldusmanyinterestingthingsandpersons_______wehad.2.先行词是物时,一般情况既可用that也可用which.但下列情况,只能用which不用that。1).关系代词前有介词时,关系词只能用which。Thisisthebuildingin______helives.2).先行词本身是that时,关系词只能用which。Theclockisthat_____tellsthetime.3).引导非限定性的定语从句(先行词是物且先行词与关系词用逗号隔开),关系词用which。Hisbook,______waslostlastweek,hasbeenfoundnow.3.先行词是人时,一般情况下既可用who也可用that。但以下情况下,只能用who。1).当先行词为those、one、ones、anyone且作主语时,一般用who.Those____aresingingareallmyclassmates.2).在therebe句型中,先行词指人时,只能用who。指物时用that。Thereisagirl______expectstoseeyou.3).当先行词是I、you、he、they等时,只能用who。He______playswithfiregetsburned.三、定语从句由关系副词when、where、why引导的定语从句。where=in/at+whichwhen=in/on/at+whichwhy=for+which1.由where引导的定语从句。1).先行词是表示地点的名词2).在定语从句中作地点状语Isthisthehouse____youlived?=Isthisthehouse_______youlived?=Isthisthehouse___youlivedin?2.由when引导的定语从句。1).先行词是表示时间的名词2).在定语从句中作时间状语Iwillneverforgetthedays______Imethim.=Iwillneverforgetthedays________Imethim.注:先行词是thelasttime时,when可省略。Whenwasthelasttimeyousawtheparrot?3.由why引导的定语从句。先行词为reason时,一般用why。why在句中作原因状语。Wedon’tknowthereason______theydidn’tcome.四、注意事项:1.关系词在定语从句中作宾语时,常可省略。Thestory_____hetoldwasverypopular.A.whoB.whomC.whoseD./2.that、who、which在定语从句中作主语时,定语从句的谓语动词应与先行词保持一致。Ilovessingerswho_______(write)theirownsongs./Sheisoneofthegirlswho______(study)hard.3.定语从句中whose的确定:无论先行词是人或物,在定语从句中做定语用whose。判断:看定语从句的主语前有无限定词(my、your、Jim’s等),若没有,则用whose。Thegirl_____parentsworkinBeijingisKate.A.whoB.whoseC.whichD.thatTags:2017,中考,英语,知识点,总结

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